… and how to avoid them.

This text is a summary of many conversations with professors and lecturers. It should help you to understand what your examiner expects from you.

ITEM 1: You choose an approach to writing as you do housework

It is not about the description of facts in a thesis, as in school or in an early housework. Introduction – main part – conclusion, this is school. (1) Scientific writing from the bachelor thesis is different: research question – examination – review of the results. Science has one goal: to gain insight. The mere description of theories and facts does not lead to something new. You may describe theories in your work, and the results of other authors will feed into your work – that’s part of it. However, your bachelor thesis or master’s thesis should be more than the ruminating of the existing.

Before you begin with a topic, ask yourself the following question: Is there a problem worth investigating? Without a problem definition, only a few concrete facts about a certain area can be found, and often the work then remains purely descriptive (descriptive). If there is no problem, the bachelor thesis or master’s thesis will remain without ups, downs and suspense. If it were a screenplay, one would have the impression that the main actor is missing. The film studio would return the script to the author for revision.

TOP 2: Lack of reflection of the substance

Very many bachelor’s and master’s theses consist of a series of quotes and operate only a superficial analysis. Your job, however, is to organize the substance and to judge it scientifically. This is a change compared to learning for exams, in which often only knowledge is queried. But is not that good? You turn your head to full power and think hard instead of chewing something. Examine facts and hypotheses, weigh and evaluate arguments – that’s the point!

Frequently, collections of bachelor’s theses are submitted without an analysis and reflection of the contents taking place. Dare something! Apply arguments to solve the initial problem. Imagine you are a boxer and standing in the ring. There is your sparring partner, the problem! Now you can just stand there and bore your opponent with a few quotes from the literature. Or you make some good, solid arguments – and he’ll go down. The problem is solved.

TOP 3: Superficial processing of scientific literature on the subject

The internet and Google are great inventions. But you should not rely too much on your bachelor thesis or master thesis. It’s easy to find internet sources. But are the found texts also serious sources? Do you know the qualification of the author? Can you vouch for that?

You like to be online and use search engines? Then you work with the online access of university and specialized libraries in your area. Enter different terms in the search slot of the online library system – the advanced search options are also very helpful. So you come across textbooks and professional articles that can not be replaced by Internet sources. Also use the pyramid scheme in your literature research. Use libraries and draw your knowledge from the relevant books and relevant magazines!

TOP 4: Weaknesses in the formalities of the bachelor thesis / master thesis

Footnotes and bibliography often come at the end of the work under time pressure. Careless mistakes are the result. A disorderly bibliography knit with a hot needle undermines the credibility of your work. If you’re taking something from a source, create the footnote the same. Use yellow sticky notes or other tools to mark passages of text. Take your time.

TOP 5: Linguistic weaknesses

The written language is the vehicle with which you transport your contents. Be precise! Kinky sentence structures, unclear arguments, missing commas and tapeworm sentences should be eliminated in your bachelor thesis. This takes time, but the packaging of your content is important. Write something a little less and take the time to revise the already written, than to write something new until shortly before the levy. Do you have a weakness in spelling, grammar and style? Give your text to a third party from your environment or a professional editor. Plan the necessary time right at the beginning.

Item 6: Wrong point of view – reproduction of existing knowledge

When writing your scientific work, students often take a perspective they are accustomed to from school contexts. They research a range of sources on their topic (books, magazines, online), read them into the topic and let certain content – displayed as quotes – flow into the work. In technical terminology, this procedure is the state of research. This is good and necessary, but does not meet university requirements. Your work should also include a so-called personal contribution. The reproduction of knowledge only makes sense in a bachelor’s or master’s thesis if it is supported by a critical question and the analysis of what has been read.

TOP 7: Curiosity – the key to success

Do not let yourself be overwhelmed by the variety of specialist literature or similar. unsettling. Be curious! Take a research perspective. Question your approach critically. Where should z. B. the focus of your work? How can you narrow down the problem? And: Take a lot of time to work out your question. Take advantage of the counseling hours of the caregivers and ask other experts for advice. You will notice: Once you have staked out the framework of your work, it is much easier for you to do away with.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

eight − four =