Magento 2 Order Management: Inventory Management

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Inventory management is an important aspect of any ecommerce business as it ensures that the right products are always available to customers. In Magento 2, inventory management is easy to manage and can be customized to suit the needs of each business. In this article, we’ll explore the features of Magento 2’s inventory management system and how to use them.

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Understanding Magento 2 Inventory Management

Magento 2 has a built-in inventory management system that can be used for managing the product stock on hand. This system is designed to give store owners complete control over their inventory, ensuring that they never run out of stock or have an overstock of products. Magento 2 also provides various tools and reporting features to help store owners optimize their inventory management strategies.

Inventory Settings in Magento 2

Before starting with inventory management, you need to configure inventory settings in your Magento 2 admin panel. This allows you to set default values for inventory management, stock, shipment, etc. To configure inventory settings in Magento 2, navigate to Stores > Configuration > Catalog > Inventory.

Stock Options

In the Stock Options section, you can set the behavior of how Magento 2 updates stock quantities for each product in the store. You can choose to allow backorders, which means the product can be ordered even when stock is not available; you can set a threshold for stock level where you receive an alert when the stock level reaches a specific number; and you can also set the quantity that will be subtracted from the stock when an order is placed.

Product Stock Options

In the Product Stock Options section, you can set the default settings for each product’s stock options. You can choose whether to manage stock for each product individually, or if you want to manage stock based on a product’s attribute, such as size, color, etc. You can also set the default backorder settings and allow pre-orders.

Managing Inventory in Magento 2

Now, let’s see how to manage inventory in Magento 2. There are several ways to manage inventory in Magento 2, depending on the needs of your store.

Manage Inventory for Individual Products

To manage inventory for individual products, navigate to Catalog > Products. Choose the product that you want to manage inventory for, and click on the Edit button. In the product edit page, you will find the Advanced Inventory section where you can manage inventory for the specific product.

Here, you can set the quantity of available stock for the product, choose stock status (In Stock/Out of Stock), manage backorders, and customize the notification settings.

Bulk Update Inventory Quantities

If you need to update the stock quantity of multiple products at once, you can use the Mass Actions feature in Magento 2. Navigate to Catalog > Products, select the products that you want to update, and click on the Mass Actions dropdown. Here, choose Update Attributes and select the Quantity attribute.

After that, you can set the new stock quantity for all the selected products at once.

Import/Export Inventory Data

Magento 2 also allows you to import/export inventory data in bulk. To do this, you need to prepare a CSV file that contains the necessary data fields such as SKU, quantity, stock status, etc. You can then import the CSV file in Magento 2 to update the inventory values.

To export inventory data, navigate to System > Data Transfer > Export > Advanced Inventory.


Managing inventory is crucial for the success of any ecommerce store. Magento 2’s inventory management system provides store owners with the ability to manage and customize inventory settings easily. With the help of the features discussed in this article, you can efficiently manage inventory and optimize ordering processes.

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