As the e-commerce industry grows, the need for secure websites increases as well. Cybersecurity risks have also increased, raising concerns for online vendors and administrators. Magento is one of the most widely-used e-commerce software platforms and is trusted by millions of users around the world. However, like any other e-commerce platform, Magento is also vulnerable to security threats. In this article, we will discuss the Magento 2 security best practices that administrators should follow to secure their online store.
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Keep Your Magento 2 Version Updated
Keeping your Magento 2 version updated is crucial in protecting your online store from security threats. Magento developers roll out security patches as soon as they detect security vulnerabilities, so it is essential to keep updating your version. The latest updates will provide additional security features that will prevent hackers from exploiting known vulnerabilities.
Use Two-Factor Authentication
Two-Factor Authentication (2FA), also known as multi-factor authentication, is a security feature that requires users to provide two forms of authentication before accessing their account. 2FA adds an extra layer of security to online accounts, making it difficult for hackers to gain unauthorized access. Magento 2 offers 2FA through a third-party extension, which is easy to install and configure. It is essential to mandate 2FA for all users, including administrators, to secure their accounts.
Restrict Access to Sensitive Information
Systems and data security administrators must ensure that access to sensitive information, such as customer data, payment information, and other confidential data, is strictly limited. Information on the Magento 2 website should be segregated and only accessible by authorized personnel. Administrators should limit access based on user roles and responsibilities, and ensure that the most sensitive data are only accessible to a few individuals.
Use Secure Passwords
The importance of using strong passwords cannot be overstressed. Magento 2 administrators should use strong passwords and also mandate that all users must use strong passwords. Strong passwords should be at least ten characters long and contain at least one uppercase letter, one lowercase letter, and one special character. Encourage users to use password managers to help them generate and store secure passwords.
Set Up a Firewall
A firewall is an essential security measure because it acts as a barrier between your website and the internet to prevent unauthorized access. Magento 2 provides the option to use a Web Application Firewall (WAF), which inspects the incoming traffic to your website, detects anomalies, and blocks malicious traffic. A WAF filters out unwanted traffic to keep your website safe.
Encrypt Your Website Traffic
Encrypting your website traffic is also an essential security measure because it prevents your users’ data from being intercepted by cybercriminals. Administrators should use the HTTPS protocol, which is a secure version of the HTTP protocol for web traffic. SSL certificates verify that user data is transmitted securely and prevent criminals from intercepting sensitive information.
Backup Your Data Regularly
As a Magento 2 administrator, it is your responsibility to ensure that your data is backed up regularly to prevent accidental data loss or damage. Configure your backup settings to take daily or weekly backups and store them offsite in a secure location. This way, you can quickly restore your website to an earlier state in case of a security breach or data loss.
Train Your Employees
It is essential to educate your employees about cybersecurity risks and best practices. Train your employees to identify phishing attacks, how to use strong passwords, and how to keep their devices secure. Employees should understand the risks and consequences of security breaches and how to report incidents. By keeping your employees informed and alert, you can foster a culture of security within your organization.
In conclusion, securing your Magento 2 website is an ongoing process that requires continuous monitoring, updating, and securing. By following the aforementioned security best practices, Magento 2 administrators can minimize cybersecurity risks and create a safe environment for their customers. Upgrading to the latest version, using multi-factor authentication, restricting access, and using secure passwords will go a long way in securing your website. A firewall, HTTPS encryption, regular backups, and employee training are also crucial in protecting your online store from security threats.